Creativity is a way in which we examine a problem with an open mind and fresh eyes to explore new possibilities outside the established approaches through the use of our imagination based on knowledge. New technologies, in particular artificial intelligence, are drastically changing the nature of creative processes. Dr Inventor is built upon the vision that technologies have a great potential to enhance scientific creativity. Currently, scientific innovation is still largely reliant on human brains. Modern technologies, such as information extraction, document summarization, semantic web and visual analytics have a great prospective in supplementing human ingenuity by overcoming the limitations that people suffer in their efforts towards creativity, such as limited knowledge and inherent thinking barriers. The project commits to generating a web-based system that supports real world applications for scientific innovations in a specific domain (i.e. computer graphics & animation). By doing so, we seek insights of the potential and limitations of the technologies in scientific creative processes under real world settings, leading to a blueprint of future technologies in computational creativity.
Dr Inventor targets an original system that offers tangible inspiration to the scientific innovations of researchers. By utilising the rich research resource available on the Internet, Dr Inventor will become researchers’ personal research assistant by offering:
Reporting, which informs the researchers of a wide variety of relevant concepts and approaches through machine-empowered search and visualization, taking full advantage of the presence of the rich web resources far beyond the memory capacity of humans. This will enable the researchers to approach related ideas from a very broad angle, equipping them with new perspectives to re-envision their problem with new interpretations that bring new solutions to light.
Assessment, which assesses the novelty of an input research document through comparison with recognized research approaches and established quality metrics. This leads to potential applications in peer reviews for research papers, grant proposals and patents.
·Inspiration, which suggests new research ideas to the users in an autonomous manner. This replicates human creativity in a certain degree by taking advantage of computing power and the Internet to combine the widely accessible resources to generate new concepts with unexpected features. The new concepts may come from radical transformations from other semantically distant but analogically similar concepts.
Dr Inventor will be the first web-based system that supports the exploration of scientific creativity via a computational approach, which will overcome a lot of human limitations: People have difficulty in seeing past the current problem description; they often fail to notice useful analogies even when they are present; they tend to rate distant analogies as less useful even if they produce better results, and they suffer from working memory limitations, false memories, selective thinking, perception limitations, biases, emotional hindrances etc. Within this context, Dr Inventor has a great potential in inspiring scientific novelty through fostering of a broader openness to creativity and through overcoming problem fixation, through retention of potentially useful comparisons between relevant works due to a broader awareness of the state of the art. It will feature interesting functionalities that provide computer-generated research concepts and workflows that would be thought as creative if performed by a human.